Israel war on Palestine

Israel vs Palestine

Oct, 7th was a landmark in the history of Palestine and the world when Hamas led a stunning coordinated attack to occupied lands from Gaza strip. Many IDF soldiers were on leave, and the IDF’s attention had been focused on Israel’s northern border rather than on the Gaza Strip in the south.

where Hamas militant invaded occupied lands AND captured a number of Israelis including military forces and civilians. Afterwards, the Israel’s great invasion into Gaza Strip began that has so far left some 30.000 people killed, mostly civilians, children and ordinary men in homes, hospitals and shelters, displaced a million of Palestinians and worldwide condemnation against the Israel.

The United Nations Human Rights Council has adopted a resolution calling for Israel to be held accountable for possible war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in the Gaza Strip, and demanding a halt to all arms sales to the country.

Friday’s vote marked the first time that the UN’s top rights body has taken a position on the nearly six-month war, highlighting warnings of “genocide” in the conflict that has killed more than 33,000 people.

The resolution passed with 28 of the council’s 47 member states voting in favour. The United States and Germany were among the six countries that opposed it, while France, Albania and 11 other countries abstained.

The council said the vote was a necessary measure, among other things, “to prevent further violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights”.

It stressed that the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled in January “that there is a plausible risk of genocide” in Gaza, as it expressed “grave concern at reports of serious human rights violations … including of possible war crimes and crimes against humanity” in the enclave.

The World Court in March unanimously ordered Israel to take all the necessary and effective action to ensure basic food supplies arrive without delay to the territory, warning that Palestinians face worsening conditions and famine and starvation are spreading.

“Symbolically this is significant. This is the first time that the top human rights body had taken a position on this conflict. This is reflective of the unprecedented nature of this [conflict],” Marc Owen Jones, an associate professor on Middle Eastern studies at Hamad Bin Khalifa University in Qatar, told Al Jazeera.

Friday’s resolution was brought forward by Pakistan on behalf of all the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member states except Albania.

Meirav Eilon Shahar, Israel’s ambassador to the UN in Geneva, slammed the measure as “a stain for the Human Rights Council and for the UN as a whole”.

The vote follows the UN Security Council’s passage of a resolution calling for a ceasefire in March.

While countries like Canada, the Netherlands, Japan, Spain and Belgium have suspended arms sales to Israel, several other Western nations continue to supply lethal weapons despite mounting criticism over the growing civilian casualties.

The United States has supplied the bulk of Israel’s defence requirements, including 2000-pound bunker buster bombs. This year, the US Congress also approved an additional $14bn military aid package to Israel.

The council resolution also condemned “the use of starvation of civilians as a method of warfare in Gaza”, where the UN has warned that famine is looming.

It denounced “the unlawful denial of humanitarian access, willful impediment to relief supplies and deprivation of objects indispensable to the survival of civilians, including food, water, electricity, fuel and telecommunications, by Israel”.

The rights body criticised as well Israel’s persistent refusal to cooperate with numerous investigations ordered by it.


Palestinian fighters engaged Israeli forces in fierce battles in northern Gaza City’s Shujayea neighbourhood a day after tanks and troops rolled in and sent tens of thousands of terrified civilians fleeing.

In a statement on Friday, al-Quds Brigades, the armed wing of Palestinian Islamic Jihad, said it blew up a booby-trapped residential building in Shujayea, killing four Israeli soldiers and wounding five others.

The improvised explosive device used was an undetonated F-16 missile recovered intact after it was fired from an Israeli warplane, it said.

The Qassam Brigades, Hamas’s armed wing, said its fighters also continue to engage in “violent clashes” while “inflicting deaths and injuries” in attacks with anti-tank rockets and small-arms fire.

A day earlier, Israeli forces carried out heavy air and artillery attacks and sent armoured vehicles into war-ravaged northern Gaza in a renewed assault after pulling out in January saying Hamas had been “dismantled” in the area.

Palestinian civilians are leaving on foot carrying their meagre belongings through rubble-strewn streets in the intense summer heat. Israel displaced at least 60,000 people from Gaza City since Thursday, UN spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said on Friday.

No official confirmation of soldiers’ deaths Shujayea was immediately available on Friday but Israel’s military did report one soldier was killed and nine were wounded in clashes throughout Gaza over the last 24 hours.

Rafah battles ongoing

Ground operations backed by air raids are continuing in northern Gaza, killing “dozens” of fighters, the army said on Friday. The heavy fighting follows comments by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu this week suggesting the “intense phase” of the war is winding down.

Soldiers “started to conduct targeted raids” in Shujayea as intelligence indicated “the presence of terrorists and terrorist infrastructure in the area “, the military said, in its first details of the operation.

At least 668 Israeli soldiers have been killed since October 7, 2023, including more than 300 since the ground invasion of Gaza began. Another 3,953 have been wounded.

Israel says it killed about 15,000 Palestinian fighters during the nearly nine-month conflict.

Israel lost eight soldiers in a single attack earlier this month in southern Rafah as Hamas fighters ambushed and blew up a military vehicle with a rocket-propelled grenade.

Palestinian health officials said tank shelling in Rafah killed at least 11 people on Friday. Displaced Palestinian families fled what they said was intensifying Israeli fire to seek shelter further north, describing chaotic scenes as fighting drew closer.

One resident said some bulldozers in the Shakoush area piled up sand for Israeli tanks to station behind.

“The situation there is very dangerous and many families are leaving towards Khan Younis, even from the Mawasi area as things became unsafe for them,” the unnamed man told the Reuters news agency.

The UN’s Dujarric said incursions into al-Mawasi – declared an “evacuation zone” by Israel’s army – resulted in many casualties and displacement of at least 5,000 people.

Most of Gaza’s population has been uprooted and much of the territory’s infrastructure destroyed, leaving residents struggling to survive. A UN-backed assessment this week said nearly 500,000 people in Gaza are experiencing “catastrophic” hunger.


This live page is now closed. You can continue to follow our coverage of the war in Gaza here.

  • Gaza’s Health Ministry says 40 Palestinians have been killed and 224 wounded in the latest 24-hour reporting period.
  • Israeli forces attacked a water distribution point in Gaza City, killing four members of the al-Ghazi family, including a child.
  • UN spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said the new Israeli ground offensive in Gaza City’s Shujayea neighbourhood forced the displacement of “at least 60,000” residents, while Israel’s military operations in the al-Mawasi area of southern Gaza resulted in 5,000 people displaced and many casualties.
  • At least 37,834 people have been killed and 86,858 wounded in Israel’s war on Gaza since October 7. The death toll in Israel from the Hamas-led attacks is estimated at 1,139, with dozens of people still held captive in Gaza.


For nearly nine months, Israel’s war on Gaza has forced Palestinians to run from place to place in search of pockets of safety in the besieged Strip.

Israel’s latest mass evacuation order told 250,000 displaced people in Khan Younis, Gaza’s second-largest city, to leave, as it carries out renewed attacks in southern Gaza.

The order comes as fierce fighting traps Palestinians in Rafah, in the south of the Gaza Strip, and the Shujayea neighbourhood in Gaza City in the north.

Where were Palestinians in Khan Younis told to flee to? Is it safe?

The Israeli army first told Palestinians to “evacuate immediately to the humanitarian zone”, without specifying where.

About 13 hours later, a post on X told people to head to the “al-Mawasi humanitarian zone”.

While Israel calls al-Mawasi – a seaside strip that runs as far north as Deir el-Balah – a “humanitarian zone”, it has also launched attacks on people there.

At least 25 people were killed in two Israeli attacks on al-Mawasi on June 21, and some 21 people in another attack on May 28, according to Palestinian officials.

The Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) was forced to evacuate its base in the Khan Younis part of al-Mawasi on June 29 due to safety concerns.

Is the European Hospital also being evacuated?

The Israeli army claimed on X its evacuation order does not apply to the European Hospital, which falls in the zone.


An Israeli air strike slammed into a residential building next to the main medical centre in Gaza’s southern city of Khan Younis, killing at least seven people, hospital authorities and witnesses said.

As dust from Wednesday’s strike billowed through a street near Nasser Hospital, people were running in all directions – some rushing towards the destruction and others away. Later, civil defence first responders and bystanders picked their way across chunks of cement and twisted metal, searching for people who might have been buried.

Nasser Hospital sits in the western part of the city. There have been repeated attacks on Khan Younis, Rafah and al-Mawasi in the south of the enclave, all of which had previously been designated as humanitarian “safe zones” by Israel.

The Israeli military’s evacuation order this week for Khan Younis, Gaza’s second-largest city, affected about 250,000 people, according to the United Nations.

Displaced families ordered out of eastern Khan Younis have struggled to find places to live in overcrowded shelters and open areas in the western parts of the city. Wednesday’s air strike hit an area that also includes a school-turned-shelter for displaced people, many of whom are living in makeshift tents.

“We were sitting in this tent, three people, and we were surprised by the rubble and dust,” said Jalal Lafi, who was displaced from Rafah.

“The house was bombed without any warning, hit by two missiles in a row, one after another,” he said, looking over his shoulder at the rubble, his hair and clothes covered in grey soot.

Andrea De Domenico, the head of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in the occupied Palestinian territories, said Gaza is “the only place in the world where people cannot find a safe refuge, and can’t leave the front line”. Even in so-called safe areas there are bombings, he told reporters on Wednesday.

An Israeli air strike on Tuesday killed a prominent Palestinian doctor and eight members of his extended family hours after they complied with military orders to evacuate their home and moved to the Israeli-designated safe zone.

The European Hospital in Khan Younis has been put out of service after Israeli forces bombarded several areas there and medical personnel were forced to evacuate patients and move what was left of devices and equipment, the Palestinian Wafa news agency reported.

  • Israeli officials are “cautiously optimistic” as ceasefire talks on Gaza are revived though key issues remain outstanding for both Israel and Hamas, Al Jazeera’s correspondent Hamdah Salhut reports.
  • Israel’s Mossad spy chief David Barnea will travel to Doha as the head of a negotiating delegation and meet with Qatar’s prime minister before the start of talks, sources tell Al Jazeera, amid reports of a “breakthrough” following Hamas’s latest response to a ceasefire proposal.
  • Nasser Hospital, the last functioning in southern Gaza’s Khan Younis, and the Kuwaiti Field Hospital near Rafah will shut services in hours as generators run out of fuel, medical sources say.
  • Lebanon’s Hezbollah says it has launched more than 200 rockets and attack drones targeting Israeli military positions in northern Israel, a day after senior commander Muhammad Nimah Nasser was killed in an Israeli strike.
  • At least 38,011 people have been killed and 87,445 wounded in Israel’s war on Gaza since October 7. The death toll in Israel from the Hamas-led attacks is estimated at 1,139 with dozens of people still held captive in Gaza.

This live page is now closed. You can continue to follow our coverage of the war in Gaza here.

  • An Israeli raid in Jenin has killed seven Palestinians and injured several others as violence escalates in the occupied West Bank.
  • Hamas says it rejects plans to deploy any foreign forces in Gaza or undermining independent Palestinian administration of the territory.
  • Israeli bombardment continues across Gaza amid repeated displacement of Palestinians.
  • Israel’s Mossad spy chief David Barnea has visited Doha as the head of a negotiating delegation after reports of a “breakthrough” following Hamas’s latest response to a ceasefire proposal.
  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says gaps remain between the parties, but ceasefire talks are set to resume next week.
  • At least 38,011 people have been killed and 87,445 wounded in Israel’s war on Gaza since October 7. The death toll in Israel from the Hamas-led attacks is estimated at 1,139 with dozens of people still held captive in Gaza.


Five independent pro-Palestine candidates, including former Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn, have won in United Kingdom general elections with Israel’s war on Gaza among key issues for voters.

The other four independent candidates who won their seats from Labour on Friday include Shockat Adam in Leicester South, Ayoub Khan in Birmingham Perry Barr, Adnan Hussain in Blackburn, and Iqbal Mohamed in Dewsbury and Batley.

Both the Conservatives, who were routed in the election, and Labour have said they want the fighting in Gaza to stop. Yet, they have backed Israel’s right to defend itself, angering pro-Palestine and Muslim voters across the country.

Labour leader Keir Starmer, who will be the next prime minister, was heckled with shouts of “Free Palestine” both at the polling station in his Holborn and St Pancras
constituency and at his election count as he was declared to have won his seat.

Corbyn, 75, who has represented London’s Islington North constituency for more than 40 years, was re-elected after defeating Labour’s Praful Nargund by 24,120 votes to 16,873.

He said those who voted for him were “looking for a government that on the world stage will search for peace, not war, and not allow the terrible conditions to go on in Gaza at the present time”.

In a separate statement on Friday morning thanking his supporters, Corbyn said the result was a “glimpse of a different future, which puts the interests of many ahead of those of the few”.

“It is also a warning – a warning to the incoming government that dissent cannot be crushed without consequences.

“It has been the honour of my life to represent you, the people of Islington North. I will continue to learn from you, be accountable to you and draw inspiration from you. The future we speak of is no pipedream; our community is proof that a kinder, fairer world is possible.”


At least five journalists were killed in attacks by Israeli forces in the last 24 hours in Gaza as bombings and air strikes across the besieged enclave intensified.

On Saturday, Gaza’s Government Media Office said separate Israeli strikes killed three journalists in the Nuseirat refugee camp in the centre of the territory and two in Gaza City, raising to at least 158 the number of media workers killed since the current war erupted on October 7.

Those who were killed in Nuseirat were identified as Amjad Jahjouh and Rizq Abu Ashkian, both from the Palestine Media Agency, and Wafa Abu Dabaan from the Islamic University Radio in Gaza.

Abu Dabaan was married to Jahjouh. Their children were also killed during the strike, according to Al Jazeera’s team on the ground. At least 10 people were killed in that attack on Nuseirat.

Palestinian journalists Saadi Madoukh and Ahmed Sukkar were killed on Friday following an Israeli raid that targeted a home of the Madoukh family in the Daraj neighbourhood of Gaza City.

Before the latest deadly attacks, Israel’s war on Gaza was already considered the deadliest conflict for journalists and media workers in the world.

The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists, which has a separate database on Palestinian journalists killed in Gaza, put the number of media workers killed as of July 5 at 108 since the war began, also making it the deadliest period since the group began gathering data in 1992.


Hamas wants assurances that Israel won’t restart the war after some hostages come home. Israel says it needs the option.

Hamas has softened its position in its latest Gaza cease-fire proposal but is sticking to a key demand that has been a major hurdle to a deal, according to two senior officials from countries involved in the negotiations.

That has dampened prospects for an imminent agreement, even as U.S. and Israeli officials have expressed optimism now that the talks are moving forward after weeks of deadlock.

Hamas presented a counterproposal on Wednesday. The two officials said that Hamas wanted international assurances that, once an initial truce kicks in, both sides will keep negotiating until they reach a final deal to end the war and free all of the hostages remaining in Gaza.

In effect, Hamas wants to ensure that it does not turn over many of the hostages only for Israel to restart the war, one of the officials said. Both senior officials spoke on the condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak publicly.

Israeli negotiators immediately rejected that demand, the two officials said. Israel wants the option to resume fighting if it deems it necessary. Without such leverage, Hamas might drag its feet, effectively obtaining an undeclared permanent cease-fire, one of the officials argued.

At the heart of the dispute is the question of the future of Gaza. Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, has vowed to destroy Hamas and topple its rule in the Palestinian enclave. Hamas hopes that a permanent cease-fire will allow it to cling to power.

Israel’s military leaders now increasingly say that a deal to bring home the remaining 120 hostages is the right way forward, even at the cost of leaving Hamas in power for the time being.

The talks are based on a three-stage framework first publicized by President Biden in late May and later endorsed by the United Nations Security Council.

Both sides agree on the broad outlines of a deal that would include a six-week cease-fire and the release of most of the civilian hostages in exchange for Palestinian prisoners.

During the pause, Israel and Hamas would negotiate the next step: an end to the war and the release of the remaining living hostages, most of them soldiers.

The debate now is over what comes next.

With a possible deal coming together, William J. Burns, the C.I.A. director, will travel in the coming week to Doha for meetings with intelligence chiefs from Israel, Europe and other countries to discuss the cease-fire deal, according to three people briefed on the negotiations.

Mr. Burns will also likely travel to Israel to keep pressure on the Israeli government to take a deal.

American officials believe the current revisions to the deal, laying out precise conditions to move between phases of the agreement, could be enough to begin to release the hostages after months of captivity.

But even if Israeli negotiators could reach a deal that would end the war in Gaza, it is unclear whether Mr. Netanyahu’s government would back it. Two senior members of his coalition have ruled out a full cease-fire and Mr. Netanyahu himself has publicly zigzagged on whether he endorses the framework.

About 120 hostages remain in Gaza out of approximately 250 people abducted in the Hamas-led attack, according to Israel. About one-third of them are presumed dead by the Israeli authorities.
During a weeklong truce in November, 105 were freed in exchange for 240 Palestinian prisoners, but Hamas has refused to release any more hostages without a path to a permanent cease-fire.
On Friday, an Israeli delegation led by David Barnea, the head of the Mossad intelligence agency, arrived in Qatar for the first time in weeks to hold further talks. Mr. Barnea met with the Qatari prime minister, Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani, who has served as one of the main mediators.
But, in an unusual arrangement, Mr. Barnea did not arrive with other senior Israeli security chiefs working to hammer out the deal. He was accompanied by Ophir Falk, a close aide to Mr. Netanyahu, the two senior officials said.
The Israeli military and Shin Bet intelligence service, both of which participate in the negotiations, declined to comment.
Hamas did make one key concession in its counterproposal, softening its stance on the terms of negotiations for the second phase of the cease-fire. The group had wanted to keep those talks focused solely on which Palestinian prisoners would be released in exchange for hostages.
The concession followed weeks of pressure on Hamas by Qatar, which hosts much of the armed group’s political leadership in Doha, the officials said.
But at the same time, Hamas demanded assurances from mediating countries, including the United States, that the talks during the truce would continue until a permanent cease-fire was negotiated and all living hostages were released, the two officials said.
Israeli negotiators had already agreed the six-week truce could be extended as long as the talks were progressing. Hamas’s new phrasing could be read as allowing those negotiations — and the initial truce — to continue indefinitely, one of the senior officials said.
During the meetings in Qatar, Mr. Barnea argued that Hamas’s demand would be a fundamental break from the proposal adopted by the U.N. Security Council and by Mr. Biden, the senior official said.
Ronen Bergman is a staff writer for The New York Times Magazine, based in Tel Aviv. His latest book is “Rise and Kill First: The Secret History of Israel’s Targeted Assassinations,” published by Random House. More about Ronen Bergman
Aaron Boxerman is a Times reporting fellow with a focus on international news. More about Aaron Boxerman
Julian E. Barnes covers the U.S. intelligence agencies and international security matters for The Times. He has written about security issues for more than two decades. More about Julian E. Barnes

The accumulative effects of Israel’s war on Gaza could mean the true death toll could reach more than 186,000 people, according to a study published in the journal Lancet.

According to Gaza’s Ministry of Health, more than 38,000 Palestinians have been killed since Israel launched its military offensive on October 7 in the wake of deadly Hamas attacks.

The study pointed out that the death toll is higher because the official toll does not take into account thousands of dead buried under rubble and indirect deaths due to destruction of health facilities, food distribution systems and other public infrastructure.

Conflicts have indirect health implications beyond the direct harm from violence, the study said, and even if the Gaza war ends immediately, it will continue to cause many indirect deaths in the coming months and years through things like diseases.

The study said the death toll is expected to be far larger given that much of Gaza’s infrastructure has been destroyed; there are shortages of food, water and shelter; and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees has seen its funding cut.

“In recent conflicts, such indirect deaths range from three to 15 times the number of direct deaths,” it said.

After applying a “conservative estimate” of four indirect deaths per one direct death, “it is not implausible to estimate that up to 186,000 or even more deaths could be attributable” to the Gaza war, the study found.

Such a number would represent almost 8 percent of Gaza’s pre-war population of 2.3 million.

The Lancet study noted that Israeli intelligence services, the UN and the World Health Organization all agree that claims of data fabrication levelled against the Palestinian authorities in Gaza over its death toll are “implausible”.

It pointed out that the toll is likely much higher because the destruction of infrastructure in Gaza has made it extremely difficult to maintain a count that is not lower than the actual death toll.

“Documenting the true scale is crucial for ensuring historical accountability and acknowledging the full cost of the war. It is also a legal requirement,” it said.

The study pointed out that the International Court of Justice said in interim rulings in January in a genocide case brought against Israel that it needs to “take effective measures to prevent the destruction and ensure the preservation of evidence related to allegations of acts” under the Genocide Convention.

The study was published in the correspondence section of the journal, which means it was not peer reviewed.


Israeli forces ramped up attacks on areas across the northern Gaza Strip despite new ceasefire discussions taking place.

At least 50 people were killed in the latest 24-hour reporting period and dozens wounded in strikes throughout the besieged coastal enclave, Gaza’s Ministry of Health said on Tuesday.

Israeli tanks deepened their incursions into some Gaza City districts such as Shujayea, Sabra and Tal al-Hawa, where residents reported some of the fiercest fighting since the start of the war.

The armed wings of Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad said they fought against Israeli soldiers in Tal al-Hawa with antitank rockets and mortar fire and inflicted casualties. Gaza City residents reported “explosions and numerous gun battles” as well as helicopter strikes through the night in southwestern neighbourhoods.

The Israeli army has focused its attention on Gaza City after announcing it had intelligence showing Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad fighters were operating there.

Gaza City residents have now been told to move to the central district of Deir el-Balah, which the United Nations said “is already seriously overcrowded with Palestinians displaced from other areas of the Gaza Strip”.

In the first weeks of the war, Israel had called on civilians in the north of the enclave to move south, declaring the area a “safe zone” but later expanding its attacks there.

Maha Mahfouz fled her home with her two children and many other Palestinians from Gaza City’s Zeitoun neighbourhood. She said their area was not included in the latest evacuation orders, but “we are panicked because the bombing and gunfire are very close to us.”

Women and children killed

Seven people were killed in a blast at a house in the Nuseirat refugee camp in central Gaza. Six people died in an attack on a house on al-Jalaa Street in northern Gaza City, and three others were killed in a bombing in Lababida nearby.

Marwan al-Sultan, director of the Indonesian Hospital, said it received 80 patients and wounded people from al-Ahli Hospital. They had to be packed into “every corner”, he said as Gaza’s medical facilities have been overwhelmed with the wounded while struggling to remain in operation due to Israeli attacks and a lack of supplies.

“Many cases require urgent surgeries. Many cases suffer from direct shots in the head and require intensive care. Fuel and medical supplies are dwindling,” he said.

He said the hospital also received 16 bodies, half of them women and children.

Mahmoud Bassal, a Civil Defence spokesman, said the military shelled houses in Gaza City’s Jaffa area and first responders “saw people lying on the ground and were not able to retrieve them”.

In a situational update on Tuesday, Israeli’s army said its forces “eliminated dozens of terrorists and located numerous weapons” during its operations in Gaza City.

Its soldiers are continuing raids “above and below” ground in the Shujayea neighbourhood, it added.

The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said it was “appalled” at the latest mass evacuation orders as “civilians continue to be killed and injured”.

At least 38,243 people have been killed in Gaza and 88,033 people wounded in Israel’s war since October 7, according to Gaza’s Health Ministry. The war began that day after Hamas attacked southern Gaza, killing at least 1,139 people and taking dozens of people captive.

Hassan Barari, international affairs professor at Qatar University, said the level of attacks on the civilian population is nothing new.

“These atrocities have been the hallmark of the Israeli operation in Gaza from the very beginning,” he told Al Jazeera.

Ceasefire talks

As Israel increases its bombardment of northern Gaza, Hamas and Israeli officials have been discussing a potential ceasefire with mediators.

But on Monday, Hamas warned the intensifying attacks will bring the talks back to “zero”. Its political chief, Ismail Haniyeh, said he made “urgent contact” with mediators warning of the “catastrophic consequences” of the deadly incursions.

Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi discussed efforts to reach a ceasefire in Gaza on Tuesday in Cairo with US Central Intelligence Agency Director William Burns, the Egyptian presidency said in a statement.

Burns and Israel’s Mossad chief, David Barnea, will reportedly travel to Doha on Wednesday and meet Qatar’s prime minister, Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani, a key mediator.

Barari said the first phase of the ceasefire proposal – six weeks without any fighting – is crucial for the people of Gaza to get some sense of security after nine months of relentless attacks and to receive desperately needed humanitarian aid.

“The continuation of the war is not good for the Palestinians, but it’s also not good for the Israelis. If the Israeli government succeeds in securing the liberation of the hostages, the momentum for the continuation of the war would be less and less,” Barari said.

“I think this would be a wake-up call to Israeli society that the time has come to put an end to the war.”


The Israeli military has ordered all Palestinians to leave Gaza City and head south, as it presses ahead with a fresh offensive across the north, south and central area of the Gaza Strip that has killed dozens of people over the past 48 hours.

Leaflets dropped from the air on Wednesday urged “everyone in Gaza City” to leave and to take “safe routes” south towards Deir el-Balah and az-Zawayda.

Gaza’s Interior Ministry has called on residents in Gaza City to refrain from following Israeli evacuation orders, saying the instructions are a part of the Israeli army’s psychological warfare against Palestinians.

The United Nations said the latest evacuations “will only fuel mass suffering for Palestinian families, many of whom have been displaced many times”.

“The civilians must be protected,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’s spokesman, Stephane Dujarric.

Reporting from Deir-el Balah, Al Jazeera’s Hind Khoudary said that Palestinians in Gaza City – where Israeli attacks have intensified – felt trapped and did not know where to go.

“Let me also remind you that there are no civil defence teams, and there’s no Red Cross. No one is there to evacuate those Palestinians,” she said.

Israel issued the first formal evacuation order for part of the city on June 27, and two more in the following days.

The government says it is pursuing Hamas fighters who are regrouping in various parts of Gaza nine months into the war. The renewed ground assault started in the city’s eastern Shujayea neighbourhood, but this week, tanks also moved to central and western districts, forcing tens of thousands of civilians to flee southwards.


Deir el-Balah, Gaza and London, United Kingdom – Israa Saleh, a petite and softly spoken Palestinian doctor who wears a colourful hijab, has mourned for months.

Her colleague Maisara al-Rayyes was killed in November when an Israeli air strike flattened his family home in Gaza City. His remains are still under the rubble.

Saleh described al-Rayyes, who like her was awarded a prestigious Chevening scholarship by the British government, as a “brother”.

“I still grieve over the loss,” she told Al Jazeera in Deir el-Balah, the central Gaza city she has fled to having been displaced 10 times in the past nine months. “This war has stolen everything from us.”

She returned to Gaza in 2022 having completed a master’s degree in Liverpool, a city that reminded her of the Strip with its “coastal nature” and “amazing” people.

Rishi Sunak was then the new Conservative prime minister. Back at home, Saleh worked with Medecins du Monde, the international humanitarian organisation, and planned to marry.

But a year later, Israel’s latest and deadliest onslaught of Gaza crushed her wedding dreams as spending time with her fiance became impossible and venues were bombed.

Having lived in northwest England for more than a year, Saleh, 30, closely followed the recent United Kingdom election that ushered in the first Labour government in 14 years. Now, she’s cautiously hoping for Britain to change its position on the war.

“I wasn’t really surprised when [Labour leader] Keir Starmer won,” she said. “But nothing really gives me hope as much as the protests erupting in the country. This may indeed pressure Labour to act.”

She believes the UK is “politically complicit in the genocide” on the one hand, given its support of the Israeli army, while “aiding the population” on the other, having delivered some humanitarian assistance to the Strip.

“Its position must be clear. They must take a firm stance and listen to their people to stop this war. This is how Labour should work.”

Asaad al-Kurd, a 51-year-old English teacher and father-of-six in Deir el-Balah, is less hopeful.

He usually tracks global headlines. But having lost his sister and her children to the war, and scores of other relatives, his life feels too “hellish” to engage in the news.

“I felt detached from this year’s elections,” he said. “Both Labour and the Conservatives are complicit in the genocide. Keir [Starmer] and Rishi [Sunak] have pledged unrivalled military support for Israel and justified Israel’s monstrous war crimes … Whatever they say doesn’t give me any sense of hope. Nothing will change at all.”

He likened the UK to Washington’s “tail” since their foreign policy is closely aligned.

“[But] we need to remember that the UK is behind our catastrophe,” he said. “The Conservative Prime Minister Arthur Balfour gave Israel land in Palestine.”

War in Gaza ‘top of mind in terms of foreign policy’

Al-Kurd is a teacher with UNRWA, the agency that several countries including the UK stopped funding after Israel claimed 12 of its 30,000 staffers played a part in the Hamas-led October 7 incursion into southern Israel, during which 1,139 people were killed. Israel has not provided evidence to support these allegations.

As the death toll in Gaza nears 40,000 people, Olivia O’Sullivan, director of the UK in the World programme at the Chatham House think tank, said the war is “top of mind in terms of foreign policy” for the new Labour government.

She told Al Jazeera that changes in “big policy questions”, as opposed to differences in rhetoric, would signal a departure from the previous Tory administration.

Resuming UNRWA funding, a shift on arms exports to Israel, or explicitly backing the jurisdiction of international courts would indicate that Labour was on a different path, she said.

In opposition, Starmer regularly expressed solidarity with Israel and upset many when he said it had the right to cut off Gaza’s water and power supplies. He soon retracted that statement, but his overall position cost Labour four seats to pro-Palestine independent candidates and widened a rift with British Muslims who have traditionally supported the party.

Starmer voted against a parliamentary motion demanding an immediate ceasefire in November. Ahead of the election, during a radio interview, he said he would not “pronounce that something is either genocide or not” as he reaffirmed Israel’s “right to self-defence”.

But he also said that every country including Israel “has to be properly held to account in the court of international law” and promised to review legal advice on arms sales to Israel as prime minister.

David Lammy, the new foreign secretary who is expected to visit Israel soon, broke ranks with the UK’s official line in late May when he backed the International Criminal Court’s independence after it sought arrest warrants for Israeli officials and Hamas leaders for alleged war crimes.

The Tories said the ICC did not have jurisdiction in the case, while US President Joe Biden claimed it was “outrageous” to suggest any equivalence between Israel and Hamas.

Richard Hermer, the new attorney general chosen by Starmer, is “one of the interesting appointments” in the new government, said O’Sullivan.

Hermer, who has criticised Israel, specialises in human rights law. He decried the former government’s push to criminalise boycott campaigns and was among a small group of Jewish lawyers who wrote an open letter reminding Israel of its “international obligations” at the start of the war.

“On some of these issues of international law, we may see some shifts,” said O’Sullivan, who described Hermer as a “deep well of expertise”.

According to Kamel Hawwash, a British-Palestinian academic who ran as an independent candidate on a pro-Palestine ticket in the election, if Starmer’s government fails to challenge the Conservatives’ position on the ICC, this would mean it is against “the application of international humanitarian law equally to all states”. Labour ultimately held the seat Hawwash contested.

Joseph Willits, head of parliamentary affairs at the Council for Arab-British Understanding (CAABU), said that the new government needs to “fully support” the ICC “unequivocally”, adding that there is “rightly some optimism” surrounding Hermer’s appointment.

Palestinian statehood and domestic divisions

Labour’s manifesto pledged to ultimately recognise Palestinian statehood as part of a “renewed peace process” towards a two-state solution.

But since the Conservatives in January suggested the UK could recognise a Palestinian state before the end of a peace process, Labour’s promise is not interpreted by analysts as revolutionary.

Spain, Norway and Ireland recognised the State of Palestine this year, irritating Israel.

“It is very unlikely that the new Labour government would do this,” said Glen Rangwala, associate professor in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge. “Their manifesto commitment … makes recognition conditional upon the resumption of a negotiating process … in effect, this enables stalling on the issue of recognising Palestinian statehood.”

Rangwala expects that Labour will treat the handful of pro-Palestine independents in parliament as “marginal figures”.

The party likely assumes that after the “current phase” of the Gaza war ends, the public profiles of the independents will “diminish further” and pro-Palestine voters will return to the Labour fold, he said.

But Willits said Starmer risks his reputation if he fails to address the widening rift.

“Some may think it’s easy with a huge Labour majority in parliament to now dismiss Palestine as an irrelevant, fringe, and fifth column issue,” he said. “If Keir Starmer doesn’t only want to be haunted by and remembered as the one who said Israel had the right to cut off electricity and water in Gaza, then he needs to administer this policy reset on Palestine. This will be a major test for this government.”

Preparing for a potential political earthquake

Looking ahead, Starmer’s approach could be affected by the outcome of the United States election in November.

But even if former President Donald Trump returns to the White House, analysts said the UK is likely to try and influence the US position rather than take the lead.

“If Trump wins the election, then the US’s actions on this issue will be much more unpredictable,” said O’Sullivan. “They’ll still be important and influential, so I think a Starmer government would seek to manage the consequences of that.”

Rangwala, at the University of Cambridge, said while the change of government in the UK is “unlikely to bring a significant alteration in British policy towards Palestine and Israel”, the US election is a “key complicating factor”.

“If a new Trump administration endorses the widening of Israel’s war aims, many within Labour would seek to distance themselves from Washington,” he said.

“But even then, it is more likely that the policy of the government would shift more to encouraging the US to soften its position rather than taking an overtly different stance – a difference of tone from the US rather than one of substance.”

As the war barrels into a tenth month, Willits at CAABU said, “The number one priority must be to bring this genocide to an end, and this includes an end to the reliance on where Washington leads – or doesn’t.”


  • Local official says Israeli forces deliberately targeted displaced Palestinians in Gaza City, adding that the bodies of 70 people have recovered from the attacks in the Tal al-Hawa area. Earlier, the Gaza civil defence said it found 60 bodies in the same neighbourhood.
  • United States President Joe Biden says Israel and Hamas have agreed to a US-backed “framework” to achieve a ceasefire in Gaza, but there is “still work to do” to finalise the deal.
  • Four aid workers from UK humanitarian organisation Al-Khair Foundation were killed in an Israeli air raid near Khan Younis, our correspondents report, citing medical sources.
  • The International Court of Justice (ICJ) announces that it will issue on July 19 an advisory opinion on the legal consequences of Israel’s occupation of the Palestinian territories.
  • At least 38,345 people have been killed and 88,295 wounded in Israel’s war on Gaza since October 7. The death toll in Israel from the Hamas-led attacks on October 7 is estimated at 1,139, and dozens of people are still held captive in Gaza.


The bodies of dozens of Palestinians have been retrieved from the Tal al-Hawa neighbourhood after Israeli forces withdrew from parts of Gaza City, Palestinian rescue workers have said.

“The Gaza civil defence teams moved in to rescue survivors. They found dozens killed. Most of those killed are families, women, and children. Some bodies were eaten by dogs,” Gaza’s civil defence spokesperson Mahmoud Basal said on Friday.

“At least 60 bodies were counted. Some bodies were buried on the spot. Others were taken to nearby hospitals.”

Israeli forces had entered the neighbourhood this week after ordering civilians to evacuate on Monday.

“Many bodies are still under the rubble. The Israeli forces are stationed nearby and the rescue efforts are interrupted regularly,” Basal said.

The discovery has come after Israeli forces withdrew from Gaza City’s Shujayea neighbourhood. On Thursday, Basal said civil defence teams recovered dozens of bodies from there, as well, adding that the neighbourhood has become uninhabitable.

“Documented testimonies” have been taken that Israeli forces opened fire on residents in the neighbourhood despite being located on designated evacuation routes, he said.

Home to more than a quarter of Gaza’s residents before the war, Gaza City was largely razed to the ground in late 2023, but hundreds of thousands of Palestinians had returned to homes in the ruins before Israel once again ordered them to leave.

Hamas, the Palestinian group that governs Gaza, accused Israeli forces of “atrocities” and called for international accountability. In a statement, the group accused Israel of committing “heinous abuses” in Gaza City.

“The atrocities revealed after the terrorist occupation army’s withdrawal from Tal al-Hawa in southwest Gaza City, after days of incursion and intense bombing that targeted all aspects of life, are war crimes of genocide and ethnic cleansing,” Hamas said.

It called on the UN and international community to take immediate steps to end a “war of extermination” that Israel is waging against Palestinians.

‘Stalling’ ceasefire talks

As Israeli forces step up attacks in Gaza’s north, they have also continued targeting areas in the besieged enclave’s south.

In Khan Younis, an Israeli air raid killed at least four aid workers from UK humanitarian organisation Al-Khair Foundation.

They were “targeted in a distribution point where they were preparing to distribute aid in Khan Younis,” Al Jazeera’s Hind Khoudary, reporting from Deir el-Balah, said.

“Al-Khair Foundation has been working in the Gaza Strip since day one, trying to provide people with food assistance, and with a lot of other commodities, and we lost another four aid workers today,” Khoudary said.

This is not the first time that Israeli forces have targeted aid workers. In April, seven people working with the United States-based NGO World Central Kitchen (WCK) were killed in an Israeli air raid in Gaza.

At the time, Israel’s military said the attack on the WCK team’s convoy was a “grave mistake” and pledged to protect aid workers.

Mediators are still trying to reach a ceasefire deal that would free Israeli captives in return for Palestinians jailed by Israel.

On Friday, a senior Hamas official blamed Israel for a failure to build on the momentum created when the group dropped a key demand in the US-drafted ceasefire offer a week ago to clear the way for a deal.

“Israel hasn’t given a clear stance over Hamas proposal,” the official, who asked not to be named, told the Reuters news agency, accusing Israel of “stalling and wasting time”.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Thursday he remained committed to the Gaza ceasefire framework and accused Hamas of making demands that contradicted it, without saying what those demands were.

Two Egyptian sources said on Thursday that talks had made progress but security arrangements and ceasefire guarantees were still being worked on.


This live page is now closed. You can continue to follow our coverage of the war in Gaza here.

  • At least 90 people have been killed and 300 wounded in an Israeli air attack on the al-Mawasi refugee camp, an Israeli-designated “safe zone”, the Health Ministry in Gaza says.
  • The Israeli army claims the target of the attack was senior Hamas military commander Mohammed Deif; Hamas immediately rejects the claim as “false”, saying “defenceless civilians” were killed in the attack.
  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says it is not certain that Deif was killed but hails the attempted assassination as a message to Hamas.
  • Countries across the Middle East condemn the “massacre” and call for protecting Palestinian civilians.
  • An Israeli attack on worshippers who gathered to pray near the ruins of a mosque at the Shati refugee camp in Gaza City kills at least 20.
  • At least 38,443 people have been killed and 88,481 wounded in Israel’s war on Gaza since October 7. The death toll in Israel from the Hamas-led attacks on October 7 is estimated at 1,139, and dozens of people are still held captive in Gaza.


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